03 Mar Reaching Net Zero – The wider implications of the decision at Heathrow
The court of appeal ruling against the third runway at Heathrow was a significant breakthrough. Aside from representing a rising recognition of the climate challenge, the ruling is expected to have a major influence on other national infrastructure projects, placing other developments under similar levels of scrutiny in terms of their impact on reaching net zero by 2050.
Environmental and energy industry experts believe the recent announcement at Heathrow will have considerable implications on other proposed developments, including changes to government strategy in many areas such as new housing projects. The expansion of Heathrow airport was declared illegal due to its incompatibility with recent legislation committing the UK government to reach net zero carbon emissions by 2050. As a consequence of the ruling, the court has created a legal requirement for major infrastructure projects to meet national climate targets.
The planned expansion, including an additional 260,000 flights every year to Heathrow was rejected and environmental campaigners worldwide were quick to praise the announcement, particularly with the implications this decision would have on other proposed infrastructure projects.
The knock-on effect and general assumption that the recent court ruling will generate further climate preventative measures is a promising scenario. Other analysts have suggested, however, that the recent ruling could create added support for the expansion of smaller, regional airports. Some industry members are being a little cautious suggesting that the implications of the latest development could result in a number of effects. Whilst the government is showing its commitment to the Paris agreement, the minor differences in infrastructure projects could result in a number of varied outcomes.
Balancing economic development with meeting net-zero
The announcement doesn’t completely exclude the potential of a third runway being developed in the future but places rising pressure on the Government delivering a project that remains compatible with UK net zero climate targets. The Government has stated that it doesn’t intend to appeal against the decision but Grant Shapps, the Transport Secretary was quick to state that expanding airport infrastructure was critical in enhancing global connectivity. In the same statement to national media Shapps reiterated their commitment to the environment, highlighting that no appeal is expected and that any expansion to Heathrow will likely be determined by industry developments.
Representatives of Heathrow airport, however, were quick to announce that the recent ruling would be challenged. Chief Executive of Heathrow airport, John Holland-Kaye, explained that expanding Heathrow was a necessity to deliver a ‘global Britain’. The CEO of Heathrow believes that the appeal can be resolved and through further collaboration with the government, intends to deliver on the proposed expansion of the airport.
Prior to securing the position of Prime Minister, Boris Johnson had taken an opposing stance to any proposed development at Heathrow airport. Nevertheless, there clearly seems to be a level of uncertainty and some concerns regarding the implications the ruling will l have on other national infrastructure projects.
Delivering a balance between securing the UK’s economic future, particularly after leaving the EU and meeting our ambitious carbon emission targets will inevitably be a considerable challenge for the UK government.